It is not necessary to prove that the behavior was so violent as to cause terror or that the victim was actually frightened.
Threat, criminal threatening (or threatening behavior) is the crime of intentionally or knowingly putting another person in fear of bodily injury.
The force has sought an injunction banning the pair from entering Luton town centre and Bury Park, as well as any mosque in England and Wales, for the next three years.
It said the measures were needed "to protect local communities in Luton that have been targeted by the respondents [Golding and Fransen] and subjected to harassment, alarm and distress".
This is now the second time the former British National Party (BNP) activist has been convicted of wearing a political uniform after he was fined for wearing a Britain First-branded jacket in January 2015.
Golding has accused the police of using the obscure law to restrict his anti-Islam activism, pointing to the Officers have struggled to deal with the fallout of the group's controversial protests and street-level action in Luton over the past year.
Intimidation (also called cowing) is intentional behavior that "would cause a person of ordinary sensibilities" to fear injury or harm.
"Behavior may include, but is not limited to, epithets, derogatory comments or slurs and lewd propositions, assault, impeding or blocking movement, offensive touching or any physical interference with normal work or movement, and visual insults, such as derogatory posters or cartoons."(1) A person commits the offense of intimidation when, with the purpose to cause another to perform or to omit the performance of any act, the person communicates to another, under circumstances that reasonably tend to produce a fear that it will be carried out, a threat to perform without lawful authority any of the following acts: (1) A person is guilty of ethnic intimidation if that person maliciously, and with specific intent to intimidate or harass another person because of that person's race, color, religion, gender, or national origin, does any of the following: (3) Regardless of the existence or outcome of any criminal prosecution, a person who suffers injury to his or her person or damage to his or her property as a result of ethnic intimidation may bring a civil cause of action against the person who commits the offense to secure an injunction, actual damages, including damages for emotional distress, or other appropriate relief.
A person is guilty of intimidating a victim or witness in the third degree when, knowing that another person possesses information relating to a criminal transaction and other than in the course of that criminal transaction or immediate flight therefrom, he: 1.
Despite being convicted, Golding spoke of his relief at being free from the bail conditions which had banned him from returning to Bury Park and Luton town centre since being arrested.
He vowed to return there with his activists for further street-level action in the near future."I said to Luton Police, 'There's nothing stopping me now coming with 50 of our activists to Luton or to Bury Park,' so now the fun and games will begin," he said in a video posted to his supporters shortly after the court hearing.